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Policy Briefs contain useful information on territorial planning policies and national strategies of Korea and other countries.
|TITLE||Trends & Implications of National Urban Policy Abroad: Case Studies from France,|
Trends & Implications of National Urban Policy Abroad: Case Studies from France, U.S. & Japan
Kim Tae-hwan, KRIHS Senior Research Fellow / Kim Soo Jin, KRIHS Associate Research Fellow / Park Soyoung, KRIHS Associate Research Fellow
□ Significance of the governance system as an outcome as well as a process itself to form a vision for national urban policy toward sustainable urban development sharable with all relevant actors like central and local governments and civil groups
□ France has integrated urban and sector-specific policies to have priority support policies for socially vulnerable groups in the pursuit of ultimately achieving social cohesion through overcoming social exclusion and spatial segregation.
□ The U.S. runs strategically focused investment in priority sectors of metropolitan areas through support for empowerment, capacity building and civil partnerships to drive economic growth, and afterwards, seeks equity in the process of distributing the benefits of economic growth.
□ Japan raises nationwide consciousness of problems difficult to resolve and provides operating guidelines at the central government level to implement planned solutions by local governments for such problems.
Significance of Urban Policy Consultation
① For sustainable urban development, each country should respond to its unique changes in conditions, and after policy is set in order of priority, common points of selection and focus will appear like policy direction, goals, targets and methods.
② Social problems are understood as urban problems, and for successful planning and management of urbanization and to reduce social conflict, this should be reflected in combination with the integration of existing sector-specific and urban policies.
③ The process of setting a vision and value for various subjects to achieve social agreement is important, and the central government is urged to play the role of leader in this process.
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